European string instruments brought to America during the colonial period (vihuela, guitar, lute) inspired the creation of a wide variety of different local chordophones: from the jarana and the requinto in Mexico to the cuatro in Venezuela and the tres in Cuba. Following their arrival, the Andes witnessed the development of charangos and guitarrillas and how the popular Baroque guitar evolved: sometimes into a completely different instrument, such as the Chilean guitarrón or the Colombia tiple, and others retaining earlier features while adding new tunings and styles, and endowing the instrument with its own individual sound.
Chilean payadores went on waving verses in a tapestry of vibrating sound, a tapestry that also depicted bailecitos in Jujuy, huaynos in Puno and Ayacucho, yaravíes in Arequipa and pasillos in Quito. Strumming patterns were added not only to the Baroque music performed as part of a church service or for the entertainment of wealthy colonial rulers and their guests in Lima and Chuquisaca, but also to the music played at traditional rural festivals in Potosí, Huánuco and Pasco. String chords spread over the region to accompany profane serenades, religious processions, historical accounts and romantic verses. Neither the Andean criollo music nor an important part of the indigenous one can be understood without considering the role of those frets and pegs. Frets and pegs we will try to approach in this new issue of "Land of winds".
September 2013 • Issue 16 • first part
History: The guitar, the guitarrón and the tiple. Reviews: Hugo Arévalo, Rafael Arias, Julio Humala. Daniel Kirwayo, David Vega. Novelties: Ronald Contreras, Abel Velásquez Zavaleta, Riber Oré. Song: Adiós, pueblo de Ayacucho. Lyrics: Hágame un tiple, maestro.[Performers][Instruments]
Instruments: Andean chordophones (02): the guitarra and its tunings. Instrument: The tiple.[Readings]
Recommended readings: La guitarra en el Perú: bases para su historia.[Online resources]
October 2013 • Issue 16 • second part
[Rhythms & styles][Traditions][The land][The people][Pictures]
Pictures: Chilean guitarrones.
Issue 17 (Jan.-Feb. 2014)
Harps and violins in the Andes.