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Land of winds > Rhythms and styles > Rhythm | Issue 01. Jul.-Aug.2010
By Edgardo Civallero | Sara Plaza


The huayno (wayno, waynu, wayño, huaynu, huayño, huayñu, huaino, huaiño; from Quechua word wayñu) is the rhythm most widely spread along the Andes. Basically, it consists of a 4-bar regular metre. Due to its simplicity, the huayno can be fused with similar rhythms such as cumbia or rock, to make a number of hybrid styles.
In north-western Argentina, this rhythm is known as “carnavalito” (see). It has a fast and strongly marked cadence and some of the instruments played are the bombo, the guitar, the charango, the violin, several flutes and the accordion. In northern Chile the huayno is also very lively but not as fast as the “carnavalito”, and it is performed on the wank'ara drums, the guitar, the charango, the chillador or walaycho (little charango), the mandolin and different panpipes and notched flutes. In Bolivia, its pace is much slower and it is accompanied by the mandolin or bandurria, a wide variety of charangos, the guitar, the wank'ara, several panpipes and a great number of different vertical flutes. The Peruvian huaynos sometimes sound like the ones performed in Bolivia, and sometimes are similar to the ones of northern Chile. However, many of them are only played with the harp, with the mandolin, the harp and the guitar, or with two guitars. A well-known variant of huaynos are the “huaynitos cusqueños” (from Cusco), which include the bandurria, the violin, the accordion or the harmonica and the notched flute and are full of life and energy. Finally, there are certain similarities between the huaynos of northern Peru and Ecuador, both of which are played with violins and rondadores (particular Ecuadorian panpipes) in addition to the notched flutes performed in duets.
Undoubtedly, many other rhythms such as the kaluyo, the chuntunqui, the taquirari, the tonada and the rueda tarijeña of Bolivia, or the kashua and the huaylarsh (or huaylash) of northern Peru have drawn their inspiration from the huayno.

Huayno, in Wikipedia.
Video 01. Poutpurrí of Ayacucho huaynos (central Peru), traditionally performed with 2 guitars and sung in quechua. Dúo Ayacucho
Video 02. Mix of Cusco huaynos (central Peru) using Andean harp, traditionally sung in quechua. Luciano Quispe.
Video 03. “Nuestra culpa”, Cusco huayno by “Amaru de Tinta”, strings quartet.
Video 04. “Selección de huaynitos de chichería del Cusco”. Grupo Alturas.
Video 05. “Carnavaleando”, huayno-Argentinian carnavalito. Los Tekis (promotional video).
Video 06. “Tres rosas”. Bolivian huayno. Alaxpacha.
Video 07. “Chofercito carretero”. “Chofercito carretero”. Ecuadorian huayno. Charijayac.
Video 08. “Chay calle”. “Chay calle”. Bolivian huayno. Alejandro Cámara and the group Semilla.
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