Land of winds. Digital magazine on Andean music. Header picture
Andean style Andean music
Land of winds > Rhythms and styles > Style | Issue 04. Mar.-Apr.2011
By Edgardo Civallero | Sara Plaza

Zamba “carpera”

The zamba is an Argentinean traditional rhythm derived from the colonial zamacueca, which would for its part come from the Spanish fandango. It reached different parts of the country at different times and developed a variant known as the zamba “carpera”, which today is widespread in the north-western region (particularly in the province of Salta). Its name derives from the term “carpa” or tent, a sort of marquee where local popular festivals are held (especially at Carnival). Since the tilting rhythm of the zamba does not quite contribute to a great festival atmosphere, local musicians made the decision to develop faster and more stressed versions, which allowed for a more lively singing and dancing.
The associated dance is performed by couples dancing in close proximity in a slow and romantic way; dancers court each other accompanied by the rhythmic waving of their handkerchiefs. In this form of dance, each movement has a precise meaning and conveys a clear message. The lyrics are usually melancholic, relating to songs of the people, the land, the family, the memory...
The music is played with guitars, bombos (bass drums) and the bandoneón (type of accordion) and at times other instruments can be added, especially by modern groups.

Zamba, in Wikipedia.

Song 01. Zamba “carpera” “Salta de ayer”. Alberto Oviedo.
Song 02. Zamba “carpera” “Carpas de Salta”. Los Nocheros.

Video 01. Zamba “carpera”, “Recuerdo salteño”. Canto 4.
Video 02. Zamba “carpera”.
Video 03. Zamba “carpera”, in Argentinean Folk Festival.
Video 04 (low quality). Zamba “carpera”. Jorge Rojas in concert.
Video 05 (low quality). Zamba “carpera” “Salta de ayer”. Las voces de las tapias.
Disclaimer of Land of windsEditorial staff of Land of winds