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Land of winds > Traditions > Clothing | Issue 06. Jul.-Ago.2011
By Edgardo Civallero | Sara Plaza

Boyacense traditional clothing

The costumes worm by guabina dancers nowadays resemble the traditional attire of peasant women and men of Boyacá department in the old days. Local people dress in traditional costumes at popular festivals and to perform folk dances.
The male attire consists of dark drill trousers, a white cotton t-shirt (with black trim around the cuffs and neck), a red neckerchief tied around his neck, a hat and a woollen ruana (similar to a small poncho, a big square blanket with a hole in the middle for the head, originally made from native plants fibres). For their part, women’s costume includes a long black cotton skirt embellished with colourful beads, ribbons and embroideries, a white lace underskirt, a long sleeve blouse profusely embellished with embroideries, a long black headscarf falling loose to her waist, a hat, and white sandals tied with “galones” or black laces.
These traditional dresses are directly related to the labours and personalities of the local people and their designs reflect cultural indigenous and Spanish Colonial influences. Among the Muisca (or Chibcha) people’s legacy we find the long skirts known as anacos and the blanket líquira that covered women’s shoulders. Their most distinctive contribution to clothing, however, is the ruana. In Muisca language, Boyacá means “land of blankets”.

El traje típico del boyacense. In “El pueblo boyacense y su folclor”, by Javier Ocampo López. Digital Library “Luis Ángel Arango” [es].
Trajes típicos de Colombia (Colombia’s traditional clothing) [es].
Vestuario de Boyacá (Boyacense traditional clothing), in SINIC [es].

Picture 01. Traditional clothing, old picture.
Picture 02 (low quality). Guabina dance clothing.
Picture 03 (low quality). Boyacense traditional clothing.
Picture 04 (low quality). Boyacense traditional female clothing.
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