By Edgardo Civallero | Sara Plaza
The tablasiku, tabla-siku or tabla siku ("board-shaped siku") is the instrument preferred by the puneña (from Puno) tradition of pusamorenos, phusa-morenos, sikumorenos or siku-morenos, a variant of the sikuris performed in the region of Puno (Peru). This instrument owes much of its popularity to the wide spread of the pusamoreno style in urban areas (especially in Lima, but also in Buenos Aires and other towns in Argentina).
The tablasiku resembles the old model of the syrinx or Greek panflute, where all pipes are of equal length. It is therefore different from the ch'aka model that characterized the rest of the Andean zampoñas (panpipes), a wing-shaped body with pipes arranged in gradually decreasing lengths. For each pipe of the tablasiku to be tuned, their knots should not be removed and the reeds have to be long enough to make each of them the same length as the longest one.
As for everything else, the tablasikus share common features with all other Andean "tropas" of zampoñas: they come in several sizes (usually chuli, malta and sanka) and are performed in halves with bombos (drums) accompaniment by large groups of players.