By Edgardo Civallero | Sara Plaza
The sikumoreno (siku-moreno, siku moreno, sicu moreno) or pusamoreno (pusa-moreno, pusa moreno, phusa moreno) is a musical style created for sikuris bands which, until recently, was the greatest exponent of the sikuris music in the southern Aymara region of Peru (provinces of Puno, Chucuito, El Collao and Yunguyo).
Sikumorenos are performed by tropas of zampoñas (panpipes ensembles) that include flutes of three different sizes (bajo or bastón; maltona, chaupi or cantante; and chili, requinto or ñaño) tuned in parallel octaves, usually accompanied by a band drum, a snare drum and cymbals.
The type of zampoña most often used is the one known as tablasiku, though there can also can be chaka sikus (comprising pipes arranged in order of length) with a row of resonators, and even a combination of both types of flutes.
The sikurimorenos presence has gradually waned over the last decades, largely due to the boost in the sikuri style from the northern Aymara region of Peru (e.g. the sikuris from Conima). The latter has also displaced the ayarachi as well as the sikuris from the Taquile and Amantani islands (sometimes called "island sikuris"), presumably as a result of its greater harmonic richness and more complex arrangements.