By Edgardo Civallero | Sara Plaza
The tunantada (Peruvian folk dance) is a traditional dance from the department of Junín (central region of Peru), hence, from the huanca/wanka cultural area. It is widely spread in the province of Jauja and, particularly, in the valley of the Mantaro river. It is said that the dance unveils in its most authentic form in the town of Huaripampa (Jauja), where it is performed annually on January 20, at the festival of the patron saints Sebastián and Fabián.
The tunantada, a cultural expression rooted in Viceroyalty times, shows a satirical version of the class stratification during the colonial period. Those strata are represented by dancers in disguise called "tunantes" (rogues, rascals). The list of stereotyped characters include "the Spaniard" and "the Huanca", his lover; "the Jaujina", a well-dressed woman with jewels; "the Tucumanos", mule drivers coming from Argentina; "the Curanderos" (healers), etc.
Today, the music that accompanies this dance is played on wind instruments (mostly saxophones and clarinets), harp and violin, though originally it was played on quenas. The tunantada rhythm resembles that of the huayno, though it is slower and more rhythmical; in some aspects it is similar to the chonguinada, another musical genre typical from the huanca region.
The tunantada was declared part of "Peru's Cultural Heritage" in 2011.
Tunantada, in Wikipedia [es].
Video 01. Tunantada Juventud Huaripampa.
Video 02. Tunantada Festival in Julcán, 2011.
Video 03. "Triste realidad" (tunantada), by Susan del Perú.
Video 04. "Me voy de aquí" (tunantada), by Haydee Raymundo.