Harps and violins in the Andes
Arpas y violines en la cultura musical andina
Article written by Román Robles Mendoza that first appeared in the magazine "Investigaciones Sociales" (year IV, issue 6, 2000, pp. 25-54), published by the National University of San Marcos (Spanish, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, UNMSM, Peru). The text analyses the role of both the harp and the violin in Andean ensembles through the example of the region situated on the upper part of the Pativilca river (department of Ancash).
El violín cusqueño
An interview with the violinist from Cusco Reynaldo Pilco, published in the cultural magazine "Suburbano". The violin is a very popular instrument in central and southern Peru, and Pilco Oquendo describes his personal experiences, the musical environment in Cusco, a number of different fronts in the cusqueña music, the characteristics that prevail in the traditional repertoire and the force of the violin's role.
El arpa peruana
This is a section within the "El rincón musical peruano" website dedicated to the harp. Written by the Swiss harpist Claude Ferrier, this section provides general information on the instrument, discusses its regional features (studying harps from Cusco, Lucanas, Huamanga, central and northern parts of Peru), lists the main performers, and shares several pictures, scores, and brief notes on the use of the harp at Christmas in the town of Querco (department of Huancavelica).
Arpas de Bolivia
Research section within the "Arpas antiguas de España" website. This section explores the evolution of the Bolivian "Andean harp", as well as the organological characteristics of its four historical variants: the colonial harp used both in religious and secular or popular contexts, the classical republican or "potosina" harp and the popular republican harp.
El arpa en Chile
This is a brief review of the thesis presented by the musicologist Tiziana Palmiero. Published in Santiago de Chile in 1996 and disseminated by the Arts Faculty of the University of Chile, the thesis discusses the development of the four variants of the Chilean harp, from the middle-class houses of the 17th century to popular urban festivals and its introduction in rural areas, where the instrument become part of agricultural festivities.